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What Is Insolvency?

The quick answer

Insolvency is where you or your business cannot afford to pay your debts either in full or on time. You’ve probably heard the term on a frequent basis however do you know what being insolvent really means for a business and its directors? If you’ve found yourself asking “what is insolvency?”, we’ve put together a guide to the definitions and also shared some helpful tips.

In more detail

A CLOSER LOOK AT INSOLVENCY

There are two legal definitions of insolvency.

The first is where your liabilities (what you owe) exceed your assets (what you own).

The second is where you are unable to pay your debts as they fall due. This often comes as a surprise as there are a lot more people or businesses in this position than the first.

These are the legal tests a Court will use to decide if you are insolvent.

HOW TO TELL IF YOU ARE INSOLVENT?

The easiest way to tell if you are insolvent is to look at your most recent balance sheet. A balance sheet is a snap shot on a particular date of what assets and liabilities you have. If you owe more than you own you are classified as insolvent. Usually at the bottom of your balance sheet there will be a total, if this is in brackets (a minus figure), then that means you are insolvent.

Being unable to pay your debts (suppliers, HM Revenue and Customs) as they would normally fall due is another sign that you are insolvent.

In cases of disqualification, the Insolvency Service look for evidence of threatening letters and county court judgements to prove that you were insolvent and should have stopped trading instead of carry on and making the situation worse. Read our other articles about director disqualification.

“INSOLVENCY IS WHERE YOU OR YOUR BUSINESS CANNOT AFFORD TO PAY YOUR DEBTS EITHER IN FULL OR ON TIME.”

WHAT OPTIONS ARE OPEN TO INSOLVENT COMPANIES?

The first thing that you should do is take professional advice from a licensed insolvency practitioner like us. If you don’t know one and do not want to try us then usually your solicitor or accountant can recommend one.

Insolvency practitioners will review your finances and give you a list of alternative options. These should cover:

  • Continuing with business as normal but carefully monitoring the situation.
  • Try to raise more finance or funding.
  • Stop trading now and go into liquidation.
  • Use a Voluntary Arrangement to restructure your existing debts.
  • Go into Administration to protect the business.

Most business owners do not want to accept they need help but no one I have met regrets taking that initial advice. 

More questions in this section

We have just worked with Kirks to complete the closure of our company. Everything went smoothly and professionally. I would recommend this firm and the staff who were very very helpful and quickly finalised everything. Thank you Kirks.
Carol Hill
David Kirk - Kirks Insolvency Call Back

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